Managing Variation Groups

A variation group is a product type that represents a subset of variation products that are part of a base product.

For example, variation groups of hiking boots can include:
  1. All blue boots of any size that belong to the base product.
  2. All blue boots size 10, and of any width.

It isn't possible to create a variation group that includes more than one value of a variation attribute. For example, you can't create a variation group that contains both blue and orange variation products. However, you can add multiple variation groups to a product set and have a single image for the product set that represents both groups.

A variation group is assigned to a base product. It isn't possible to assign a variation group to more than one base product. If the base product ceases to be a base product or is deleted from the system, related variation groups are deleted.

Variation products are assigned to variation groups. Deleting or unassigning a variation group doesn't affect the variation base product it's assigned to or the variation products assigned to it.

Note: Variation groups enable you to control search results more accurately. Therefore, if at least one variation group is assigned to your base product, slicing (defined for variation attributes or overridden in category assignments) is disabled. However, you can use variation groups to determine whether products use images or swatches instead of using slicing.
The variation group derives its inventory from the collection of SKUs associated with the group. A variation group can have its own SKU assigned to it. A variation group is mutually exclusive with other product types (product set, bundle, base product, variation). However, a variation group can be a set product or a bundled product.

Unassign Variation Groups

You can temporarily disable a variation group for a product by unassigning it from the product. If you unassign a variation group, the variation group is not removed from B2C Commerce and it can be cloned or assigned again.

If you delete a variation group, the variation group is removed. Deleting a variation group doesn't affect the base product or the variation products.

Variation Groups and Categories

A variation group can be assigned to any category, just like other products:
  • Variation group can be assigned to a category by import
  • Variation group can be assigned to and from a category in the Business Manager bulk editor or product editor
  • Variation group can be sorted or use category position within a category
  • Multiple variation groups of the same base product (colors: red and green) can be assigned to the same category
  • A base product and some or all of its variation groups can be assigned to the same category

Variation Groups and Property Inheritance

The sorting order of Variation Groups on the Variations tab is used for the attribute inheritance lookup. If the variation product doesn't define its own value for an attribute, the value is first retrieved from other variation groups of the same base product (sorted by position). If the value isn't provided by one of the variation groups, the value is retrieved from the base product.

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